500th Anniversary of the Sailing of Columbus

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Program: #92-08   Air Date: Feb 24, 1992


Preservation of this program is made possible by a generous grant from Wendall Wilson.

I. Mateo Flecha el Viejo: Las Ensaladas (Huelgas Ensemble/Paul van Nevel). Sony Vivarte CD SK 46699.

(This is the sixth of the now 70 recordings made by the Huelgas Ensemble).

From MusicaAntigua.com (translated from the Spanish): Despite the title, this post is not about culinary work, not even vegetables or garden products.

The salad to which I refer is a sixteenth-century musical genre that had its greatest exponent in the musician Mateo Flecha Tarragona, "el Viejo", whose nickname seeks to distinguish in the annals of his nephew homonym, also composer, to which the story remember as Mateo Flecha, "the Younger".

The salad, like the dish of the same name, combines different ingredients of various kinds in the same piece of music.

On the one hand, it mixes varied languages such as Latin, Castilian, Catalan, French, Italian and Portuguese.

Additionally, it introduces both profane and religious elements. Finally, it deals with both serious and comedic themes.

This range of trends has its equivalent in the musical treatment, since it presents frequent changes of rhythm and an alternation of the different voices that come into play: dialogues between two pairs of voices, parts played solo ...

In the curriculum of Mateo Flecha, he has been a teacher of the Cathedral of Lérida since 1523, and according to his nephew, he has held the title of chapel master of the Serenissimo Infantas de Castilla, Doña María and Doña Juana, around 1547 .

Practically his known work is reduced to salads, although he has also reached some carols of his, whose persistence in time we have to thank the other Mateo Flecha, "the Younger", who published them in Prague (I do not know why precisely in said city) in 1581.

In fact, the good nephew emphasizes "which (the salads) although they are old, none before him he composed them, nor later (with all of them prized) nobody has collected them or made them print" . Come on, if it does not become for him, we would never have enjoyed the work of "the Elder".

However, of the eleven salads known for their titles, they have survived only to our six days: Jubilate, Fire, Bomb, The Bold, War and The Just .

The expert Higinio Anglés, editor of the modern edition of the salads of 1954, shows the relationship of these with the Christmas themes, such as "in The war describes with a stunning reality the courage of the Great Captain, the newborn Redeemer , that comes to fight against Lucifer " .

Anglés adds a general judgment about the work of Flecha: "in these pieces of the salads, Flecha is presented as the most powerful and genius polyphonist among the sixteenth-century Spanish composers who cultivated secular music."

El Fuego

  1. ¡Corred, corred, peccadores!
  2. Oh cómo el mundo se abrassa
  3. ¡No os tardéis, traed, traed agua ya!
  4. Toca, Joan, con tu gaitilla

La Negrina

  1. Cumplido es nuestro deseo
  2. No nos cansemos
  3. Caminemos y veremos

La Justa

  1. ¡Oyd, oyd los vivientes!
  2. El mantenedor es fiero
  3. ¡Dale la lança!
  4. ¡Aparte todos!

II.  Luys de Narvaez, Music for Vihuela from Los seis libros del delphin de musica (Lex Eisenhardt). Etcetera CD ETC 1114.

1. Fanatsia Del Primeur Tono (Book II) 1:09 I
2. Cancion Je Veulx Layser Melancolie De Ricafort (Book III) 2:11 I
3. Fantasia Del Primer Tono (Book II) 1:44 I
4. Cancion Mille Regres De Josquin Des Prés (Book III) 2:07 I
5. Fantasia Del Tercero Tono (Book I) 2:01 I
6. Ay Arde Coraçon Arde (Book V) 1:18 I
7. Fantasia Del Septimo Tono Sobre Ut Re Mi Fa Mi (Book V) 2:59 I
8. Cancion De Nicolas Gombert (Book III) 2:26 I
9. Diferencias Sobre "O Gloriosa Domina" (Book IV) 5:08 I
10. Diferencias Sobre "Guárdame Las Vacas (Book VI) 5:39 I
11. Fantasia Del Quarto Tono (Book II) 2:28 I
12. Fantasia Del Quarto Tono (Book II) 1:59 I
13. Diferencias Sobre "Conde Claros" (Book VI) 2:35 I
14. Fantasia Del Quinto Tono (Book II) 3:01 I
15. Fantasia Del Segundo Tono (Book I) 2:57 I
16. Diferencias Sobre "Y La Mi Cinta Dorada" (Book V) 3:09 I
17. Fantasia Del Quarto Tono (Book I) 2:16 I
18. Fantasia Del Quarto Tono (Book I) 1:54 I

III.  ¡Ay de Mi!: Music for Vihuela and Voice (Frank Wallace). Centaur CD CRC 2112.

From American Record Guide: Frank Wallace’s skill at performing self-accompanied songs is unusual and unsurpassed in the classical world. The Spanish repertoire he presents on this recording ranges from earthy to suave and sophisticated…one of the best vihuelists working today…Wallace also sings…no mean feat when one considers the polyphonic nature of the vihuela accompaniments…His renditions of fantasías by Narváez, other instrumental works, and song accompaniments are exemplary, bringing the kind of polish to the music that must have been prized in the Spanish noble houses.

01 L’amor donna ch’io ti porto Giacomo Fogliano
02 Niña, erguídeme los ojos Alonso
03 Tres moricas m’enamoran Alonso
04 Diferencias on “Conde Claros” Luys de Narváez
05 Fantasía (primer tono) Luys de Narváez
06 Fantasía (primer tono) Luys de Narváez
07 Fantasía (primer tono) Luys de Narváez
08 Ricercar (Fantasia) No 4 Francesco Canova da Milano
09 Ricercar No 2 Francesco Canova da Milano
10 Recercar No 11 Francesco Canova da Milano
11 Fantasía for vihuela No 11 Luis de Milán
12 Perdida tengo la color Luis de Milán
13 Con pauor recordó el moro Luis de Milán
14 Falai miña amor Luis de Milán
15 Fantasia (quinto tono) Luys de Narváez
16 Fantasía No.2, de passos, Alonso de Mudarra
17 Fantasia de pasos largos para desenbolver las manos Mudarra
18 Pavana y galliarda d’Alexandra, Mudarra
19 Soneto lombardo a manera de dança Valderrabano
20 ¿Cómo puedo yo bivir? Enriquez de Valderrabano
21 ¡Ay, de mi! dize el buen padre Enriquez de Valderrabano
22 Fantasía No.2, de passos Alonso de Mudarra
23 Las tristes lágrimas Enriquez de Valderrabano
24 Dos sonetos Enriquez de Valderrabano
25 Desposósete tu amiga Enriquez de Valderrabano
26 Corten espada Enriquez de Valderrabano
27 Pavana Alonso de Mudarra
28 Diferencias sobre la pavana Enriquez de Valderrabano
29 Sempre me fing’ Diego Pisador
30 Teresica hermana Mateo Flecha/Miguel de Fuenllana
31 De los álamos vengo madre Miguel de Fuenllana

IV Càrceres: Villancicos & Ensaladas (Hesperion XX/Jordi Savall). Originally, Astrée CD E 8723.

  1. B. Ramos de Pareja
    Canon perpetum: Mundus et Musica et totus concentus (instr.)
  2. Anon.
    Villancico: Si us voleu ben despertar
  3. Anon.
    Villancico: Ay luna que reluzes
  4. Luys Milán
    Pavana (instr.)
    Gallarda (instr.)
  5. Bartomeu Càrceres
    Villancico: Soleta i verge estich
  6. Anon./Luys de Narvaez
    Conque la lavaré
    Conque la lavaré (variations by Luys de Narvaez)
  7. Anon.
    Danza alta (instr.)
  8. Bartomeu Càrceres
    Villancico: Falalalanlera
  9. Anon.
    Villancico: No la devemos dormir
  10. Luys Milàn
    Fantasia VIII
  11. Bartomeu Càrceres
    Ensalada a 4: La Trulla

Composer Info

Mateo Flecha el Viejo, Luys de Narvaez, Giacomo Fogliano, Alonso de Mudarra, Francesco Canova da Milano, Luis de Milán, Enriquez de Valderrabano, Diego Pisador, Miguel de Fuenllana, Ramos de Pareja, Luys Milán, Bartomeu Càrceres

CD Info

Sony Vivarte CD SK 46699, Etcetera CD ETC 1114, Centaur CD CRC 2112, Astrée CD E 8723

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