Renaissance Devotion

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Program: #20-31   Air Date: Jul 20, 2020

Adrian Willaert and his circle at San Marco, the Lamentations of Morales, and sacred song from around 1500 with The Boston Camerata.

I. Willaert e la Scuola Fiamminga a San Marco (Cappella Marciana/La Pifarescha/Marco Germani). Concerto CD 2117.

Willaert e la Scuola Fiamminga a San Marco Product Image
Concerto Classics presents an exclusive recording project “Willaert e la Scuola Fiamminga a San Marco”, with music especially conceived for the exhibition “Da Tiziano a Rubens. Capolavori da Anversa e da altre Collezioni Fiamminghe” at Palazzo Ducale in Venice from 5th September 2019 to 1st March 2020. La Pifarescha was originally conceived as an alta cappella ensemble, a configuration of wind and percussion instruments that was immensely popular throughout medieval and renaissance Europe. This type of group enjoyed such widespread popularity for its unique ability to function both on its own and in supporting roles with other instrumental ensembles, vocal ensembles, and dance companies. La Pifarescha incorporates a fascinating and diverse selection of instruments. Shawms, sackbuts, cornetts, trumpets, bagpipes, dulcians, flutes, fiddles, lutes, viols, percussion, and many others, join together to alternate the sounds of “alta” with the “bassa cappella”, offering a highly variable sonority unique to this group. 
World premiere recordings marked with an asterisk *
*1. Adrian Willaert (1490-1562): Quasi unus de paradisi
*2. Cipriano de Rore (c.1515-1565): Beato mi direi
*3. Jacques Buus (c.1500-1565): Recercar terzo
4. Willaert: Te Deum Patrem
5. Willaert: Giunto m'ha amor
*6. Willaert: Ave dulcissime Domine
*7. Willaert: I begli occhi
*8. Petrus Lupus (c.1590-after 1530): Panis quem ego dabo
*9. Rore: Tantum ergo
10. Rome: Ancor che col partire
11. Willaert: Benedicta es
*12. Buus: Recercar primo
13. Willaert: Amor fortuna
*14. Rore: Sub tuum praesidium

II. Treasures of Devotion: European Spiritual Song c. 1500 (The Boston Camerata/Anne Azéma). Music and Arts CD 1296.

For more information:
CD-1296 front cover
This collection of early Renaissance spiritual pieces (and their related secular songs) were intended not for grand cathedrals or public ceremony, but for personal meditation, private chapels and rooms, family houses and assemblies. Directly inspired by the examples of intricately carved boxwood devotional objects housed at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, these contemporaneous musical works are precise in their craftsmanship, rich in subtle details, and lead us to wonder and to contemplation.
Few things small enough to fit in the palm of the hand can inspire wonder about the limitless potential of human creativity. A collection of early Renaissance devotional objects—elegantly precise boxwood carvings of miniature rosaries, prayer beads and altarpieces, on display as part of a major international exhibition—served as the direct inspiration for this musical program.

These objects draw viewers into a private and intimate world of meditation; religious scenes carved with precision and poetry evoke a bygone world of intense spiritual devotion—sometimes tormented, sometimes luminous, but always fascinating. 

The music in this program is designed to elicit similar sensations in listeners. Originating in northern European circles, contemporary with those who produced these boxwood carvings, these spiritual pieces are not intended for grand cathedrals or public ceremony, but for personal meditation, private chapels and rooms, family houses and assemblies. Like the beads and rosaries, their craftsmanship is precise, superb; rich in subtle details, they lead us to wonder, and to contemplation.

    1. Fortuna Desperata/Sancte Petre/Ora pro nobis Heinrich Isaac (ca 1450-1517)  - Barrett, Hershey, Kammen, Lewis, Arceci                
    2. Fortuna Desperata/O morte, dispietata Alexander Agricola (1446-1506)  - Azéma, Barrett, Frederiksen, Kammen, Lewis, Arceci      
    3. Herre lieve Herre  Jacob Clemens non Papa (1510-1555) –  Kammen, Lewis, Arceci, Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen                            
    4. De tous biens plaine Hayne van Ghizeghem (ca 1445- after 1476) - Kammen, Lewis, Arceci   
    5. Maria Zart Arnold Schlick (1455-1525) Hershey, Lewis (trebble viol), Frederiksen (lute)    
    6. De tous biens plaine Alexander Agricola (1446-1506) – Kammen, Lewis, Arceci   
    7. De tous biens plaine Josquin Desprez (ca 1450 - 1521)  - Barrett, Kammen, Lewis, Arceci  
    8. De tous bien plaine  Alexander Agricola  (1446-1506) – Frederiksen (lute), Kammen, Barret (lute), Lewis, Arceci                              
    9. Chantons Noël, menons joyeuse vie Pierre Certon (d.1572) & Jean Daniel (ca 1520) -  Tutti 
    10. Premier Branle de Bourgongne Adrian le Roy (1551) – Frederiksen (lute), Accurso                  
    11. Or vous tremoussez, pasteurs de Judée Anonymous (15th c.) & Jean Daniel (ca 1520) Azéma, Hershey, Barrett (lute and voice), Frederiksen (lute and voice), Kammen, Lewis, Arceci     
    12. Et d'où venez vous Madame Lucette  Pierre Moulu (ca 1540) – Kammen, Lewis, Arceci           
    13. Amy souffrés Pierre Moulu ? (1484-1550) (in: Attaignant, 1519) – Frederiksen, Barrett (lute), Acurso                                                  
    14. Pêcheurs souffrez  Pierre Moulu ? (1484-1550) & Jean Daniel  (ca 1520) – Azéma, Kammen, Lewis, Arceci                                       
    15. Ewiger Gott, aus des Gebot Ludwig Senfl (1486-1543) – Barrett, Kammen, Lewis, Arceci    
    16. O bone Jesu Francesco Canova da Milano, after Compère (1497-1543) – Accurso 
    17. O bone Jesu  Loyset Compère (1445-1518) – Azéma, Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen        
    18. Tant que vivray Claudin de Sermisy (1490-1562)   & Clément Marot (1496-1544) – Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen     
    19. Tant que vivray Claudin de Sermisy (1490-1562) & Eustorg de Beaulieu (ca 1495-1552), after Marot – Azéma, Kammen (vielle and harp), Lewis, Arceci, Frederiksen (lute), Barrett (lute)     
    20. Het daghet Anonymous (in: Antwerp Songbook, 1544) – Barrett   
    21. Als ick riep met verlangen Jacob Clemens non Papa (1510-1555) – Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen, Azéma,  Kammen, Lewis, Arceci 
    22. Christe eleison (from: Missa Carminum) Heinrich Isaac (ca 1450-1517) - Azéma, Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen      
    23. Innsbruck ich muss dich lassen Heinrich Isaac (ca 1450-1517)  - Frederiksen, Barrett (lute), Accurso (lute)           
    24. Loven so wilt Jacob Clemens non Papa (1510-1555) – Hershey, Barrett, Frederiksen     
    25. In te Domine speravi Josquin Desprez (ca 1450 – 1521) – Tutti         

III. Cristóbal de Morales: Super Lamentationes Hieremiae Prophetae (Capella de Ministrers/Carles Magraner). CdM CD 2048.

Capella de Ministrers reivindica a Cristóbal de Morales en 'Super ...
Morales’ Lamentations were his best-known works, together with his Masses and Magnificats. This repertoire enjoyed an extraordinary international fame in Europe and the New World within the context of Pre-Tridentine and Post-Tridentine liturgy, owing principally to the fact that these works were composed to be performed in some of the most prestigious chapel choirs of the Renaissance. This recording by Capella de Ministrers recovers the interpretative con- text of this repertoire in acccordance with the musical practice of Emperor Carlos V’s Royal Chapel Choir, whereby the Lamentations were sung polyphonically with an instrumental accompaniment on violones.

From  Capella de Ministrers  has published Super Lamentationes, Hieremiae Prophetae  by Cristóbal de Morales (Seville, 1500 - Marchena o Málaga, 1553), a disc in which he performs the renowned work of the Andalusian composer of the Spanish polyphonist school of the 16th century. This composition of the Lamentations are of extraordinary beauty, and filled with music the central days of the Passion Week (Thursday, Friday and Holy Saturday).

The recording centers around the prophecies of Jeremiah, and will be distributed in more than 28 countries around the world.  It is number 60 in a benchmark historical music formation, an ensemble with a 33-year presence on the international scene. The recording includes 6 works in which Carles Magraner rediscovers this repertoire according to the musical practice of the Royal Chapel of Emperor Charles V, in which the Lamentations were sung polyphonically with instrumental accompaniment of violons or bow violins, as he presents in the notes from Professor Manuel del Sol (University of Valladolid).
Del Sol assures us that due to its musical quality, talent and sound, these works " should be considered masterpieces of the history of western music" so "the recovery of this heritage will make us understand why Cristóbal de Morales is one of the most admired composers of the Modern age, and enjoys  a privileged position within the historical canon of European cultured music of the 21st century ”. The researcher also points out that Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina and Tomás Luis de Victoria, among others, introduced, in the composition of their own versions of the Lamentations, “explicit polyphonic references extracted from these  Super Lamentations ”.

Morales's Lamentations were, together with his masses and magnificats, the composer's best-known works and managed to be widely disseminated in Germany, France, Italy ... through prestigious publishers in cities such as Alcalá de Henares, Antwerp, Lyon, Milan, Nuremberg , Paris, Rome, Seville and Venice, among others. The Sevillian musician was the master of the Chapel of the Cathedral of Ávila, the Cathedral of Toledo and Malaga.

Super Lamentationes Hieremiae Prophetae

Cristóbal de Morales (c. 1500 - 1553)

1. Aleph. Quomodo sedet sola

2. Num. Vigilavit iugum iniquitatum

3. Heth. Cogitavit Dominus

4. Zain. Candidiores nazarei

5. Coph. Vocavi amicos meos

6. Phe. Expandit Sion

Composer Info

Adrian Willaert (1490-1562), Cipriano de Rore (c.1515-1565), Jacques Buus (c.1500-1565), Petrus Lupus (c.1590-after 1530), Heinrich Isaac (ca 1450-1517), Cristóbal de Morales (1500-1553)Alexander Agricola (1446-1506), Jacob Clemens non Papa (1510-1555), Hayne van Ghizeghem (ca 1445- after 1476), Arnold Schlick (1455-1525), Josquin Desprez (ca 1450 - 1521), Pierre Certon (d.1572), Jean Daniel (ca 1520), Adrian le Roy (1551), Pierre Moulu (1484-1550), Ludwig Senfl (1486-1543), Compère (1497-1543), Loyset Compère (1445-1518), Claudin de Sermisy (1490-1562), Clément Marot (1496-1544), Claudin de Sermisy (1490-1562), Eustorg de Beaulieu (ca 1495-1552)

CD Info

Concerto CD 2117, Music and Arts CD 1296, CdM CD 2048